Black and whiteheads: how are they different?

black and whiteheads how are they different

Regardless of the colour, the pimple or blackhead is formed due to the excessive production of sebum by the glands that act in our body. That extra oil, along with keratin residue and dead cells, accumulates in the pores and clogs them, forming the whitehead or blackhead. 

Blackheads are open comedones, in other words, when the pore is not covered with skin, only with sebum. The darkened appearance occurs due to oxidation that occurs when the material (sebum, keratin and dead cells) accumulated in the dilated pore comes into contact with the air. Other impurities such as traces of makeup and contamination can also contribute to the darkening of the blackhead. 

Whiteheads are formed inside the skin, in pores covered by the keratin produced by our body. As the whitehead does not come into contact with the air, it does not oxidise and maintains its white colour. It can often be difficult to remove, therefore it should not be removed at home, to avoid the risk of injuring the skin. Furthermore, there is a danger of pushing part of the pimple into the deepest layer of the epidermis, which contributes to the formation of pimples or permanent scars. Whiteheads can also be confused with milium, a small yellowish-white keratin cyst that appears on the skin and should not be squeezed. The milium does not present redness or discomfort, so it is basically an aesthetic problem, and only the dermatologist can make the correct identification.

Whatever the type of pimple, the best way to prevent them is to maintain a skin care routine, by washing the face with a specialised soap. In addition, the use of good quality products for the face is essential. Facial care not only helps prevent white or black heads, but also leaves the skin healthier and more beautiful.